Ulcerative colitis is a form of inflammatory bowel disease that is characterized by sores and inflammation of the lining of the large intestine (the colon) and the rectum. They flare up periodically and cause diarrhea and bloody stools. Since the mid-20th century, the frequency of the disease in developed countries has been on the rise. The disease was usually diagnosed in people 15 to 35 years old. Nowadays, more and more children are being diagnosed with it. This is very disturbing.
Ulcerative colitis can lead to a feeling of isolation and depression in people diagnosed with it. All hope is not lost. I’m going to tell you the treatment options available to you to help ease the pain and suffering. The main aims of treatment are usually to reduce symptoms and maintain remission which is a period without symptoms.
There are several types of medication that can be given to patients diagnosed with ulcerative colitis. Aminosalicylates (ASAs) such as balsalazide, mesalamine and sulfasalazine are the most common medications used to treat ulcerative colitis. They can be taken orally in the form of pills, as suppositories which are inserted into the rectum or through an enema where fluid is pumped into the colon. They may cause side effects such as headaches, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. If you have a sulfa allergy, kindly tell your doctor so that he or she might give you sulfa-free versions or any other alternatives.
Corticosteroids are more powerful types of medication. They can be used in conjunction with ASAs or in place of ASAs if they are not effective on their own. They are not recommended for long-term use due to the serious side effects they can bring about, such as cataracts and osteoporosis. Short-term side effects include acne, mood swings and increased appetite.
Immunomodulators can be effective in reducing inflammation if corticosteroids and ASAs are not effective. However, they often take a while to start working, and you may have to wait up to six months to start experiencing any benefits.
Surgery may be necessary if you are having frequent flare-ups or if one or more of the severe symptoms is not responding to drugs. It involves removal of the entire colon or portions of it. During surgery, the small intestine is used to remove waste out of the body. An ileostomy may be created, where an abdominal hole is made and the lower tip of the small intestine is brought to this hole. Waste that passes through this opening is collected in a special bag or pouch placed over it. Alternatively, an ileo-anal pouch may be created. This involves the use of a part of your small intestine to form an internal pouch which is connected to the anus. This allows waste to pass normally.
There are many surgical techniques available nowadays. It is however important to note that surgery in general carries certain potential risks and complications. It is therefore best to seek a second opinion from an expert to ensure that surgery is the most appropriate treatment method for your condition.
Stem cell treatment
Scientists believe that stem cells may provide cure for inflammatory bowel disease. They have the ability to become any type of cell, giving the body a self-repair kit to deal with the damaged bowel. The focus of stem cell treatment procedures is regeneration of new, healthy body cells. Stem cell treatment involves transplantation of fetal stem cells which possess immunocorrecting properties, to stop the reaction against the mucosa of the small and large intestines which influences the development of ulcerative colitis, and to restore a more balanced immune system and the red blood cell count in hemoglobin levels, helping remission last longer.
A number of studies have been conducted on the effect of stem cells on inflammatory bowel disease, and many more are ongoing. Studies done on animals have shown that stem cells from the bone marrow seem to protect tissues from autoimmune attack. Trials done on patients with the disease have yielded promising results. In a study conducted by EmCell, a Ukrainian research facility, patients diagnosed with non-specific ulcerative colitis experienced remission for an average of about 13 months.
Hope at last
Living with ulcerative colitis can be a frustrating experience. The fact that most ulcerative colitis treatment options can cause side effects and complications does not make things any better. Luckily, stem cell treatment is offering hope to millions all over the world. However, before undergoing it, you should ensure that the physician or specialist is qualified and experienced, and the facilities have well-maintained state-of-the-art equipment and technology. This is exactly what Unique Cell Treatment Clinic offers you. Their method of treatment has shown great results in cases of acute and chronic forms of inflammatory bowel disease.
Finally, you have a real opportunity to increase the quality and quantity of your life. Take it!